View all newsletters
Receive our newsletter - data, insights and analysis delivered to you
  1. Technology
  2. Data
May 17, 2016updated 22 Sep 2016 12:01pm

Cognitive computing

From machine learning to IBM Watson in the kitchen - CBR explains cognitive computing.

By Ellie Burns

There is no concrete definition assigned to cognitive computing, but it is broadly described as technology platforms which are based on Artificial Intelligence and Signal Processing. These platforms, billed as one of the key technologies for big data, can encompass machine learning, reasoning, speech, and language processing.

The term cognitive computing is usually used to describe hardware or software that acts or processes information in a similar way to how the human brain functions. This mimicking of the human brain has led to cognitive computing being recognised as a new type of computing, with IBM describing cognitive computing as ‘systems that learn at scale, reason with purpose and interact with humans naturally.’

The ultimate goal of cognitive computing systems is to create automated IT systems capable of solving problems without human supervision or assistance.

It is common for people to think of Artificial Intelligence and cognitive computing as one in the same, but cognitive systems differ in the fact that they comprise of separate components, from different disciplines, working together.

Cognitive computing platforms can consist of many different features depending on the application, but common features can grouped under the labels adaptive, interactive, stateful and contextual.

An adaptive feature of a cognitive system encompasses what is effectively machine learning – the system reacts to changing information and tailors goals and requirements to that information.

Interactive features of a cognitive system denote the ability to easily interact with users in regards to what they need. This is not restricted to just people, with processors, devices and cloud services also able to interact with the system.

Content from our partners
Scan and deliver
GenAI cybersecurity: "A super-human analyst, with a brain the size of a planet."
Cloud, AI, and cyber security – highlights from DTX Manchester

Stateful features of a cognitive system is all about problem solving, as well as ‘remembering’. Through asking questions or finding additional information, cogfnitive systems can help in defining a problem. The system can then draw upon past interactions with the user and give them suitable information.

Contextual features of a cognitive system needs little explaining – it is all about giving context to the user. A system could be asked to identify, understand and extract information such as syntax, time, date, task or meaning . The system could draw on structured and unstructured data as well as sensory inputs in order to offer context.

One of the best known cognitive systems is IBM Watson – described by Big Blue as a ‘technology platform that uses natural language processing and machine learning to reveal insights from large amounts of unstructured data.’

IBM Watson has inked deals with Whirlpool for smart homes, helped establish the first cognitive hospital in the UK, and has even been put to work in the kitchen as a chef for recipes.

cognitive computing

Websites in our network
Select and enter your corporate email address Tech Monitor's research, insight and analysis examines the frontiers of digital transformation to help tech leaders navigate the future. Our Changelog newsletter delivers our best work to your inbox every week.
  • CIO
  • CTO
  • CISO
  • CSO
  • CFO
  • CDO
  • CEO
  • Architect Founder
  • MD
  • Director
  • Manager
  • Other
Visit our privacy policy for more information about our services, how Progressive Media Investments may use, process and share your personal data, including information on your rights in respect of your personal data and how you can unsubscribe from future marketing communications. Our services are intended for corporate subscribers and you warrant that the email address submitted is your corporate email address.