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November 28, 2016

Why Flash is Poised to Kill Disk for Primary Storage

‘Why NOT flash?’ The momentum is building.

By James Nunns

It’s a little known fact that 2016 marks the 60th anniversary of the first commercial usage of hard disk storage.

Hard disks have been happily spinning in data centers across the world ever since; a fantastic run by any measure, but one which is looking ever more likely to be nearing its conclusion – at least for most primary data storage use cases.

There’s no denying that flash media is on its way to becoming the dominant technology in primary storage. According to one report by research and advisory community

Dan Cobb, Dell EMC Fellow, Global Technology Strategy.

Dan Cobb, Dell EMC Fellow, Global Technology Strategy.

Wikibon, the age of the disk-dominated data center could be over in less than a decade.

Wikibon claims that the amount of flash memory shipped as production storage will reach parity with hard-disk storage by 2020 with flash ending over 30 times greater by 2026.

There is strong evidence behind Wikibon’s claim. In November 2013, EMC’s XtremIO entered the all-flash array market, claiming third place after only six weeks. Within six months, XtremIO had catapulted into the lead and is the fastest growing product in EMC’s history with a market share lead nearly three times the nearest competitor. This year, EMC shifted the focus of its entire primary storage portfolio to all-flash, including the well-regarded VMAX and recently-introduced mid-range Unity product lines.

Flash is now the recommended default for new purchases in the primary storage space and likely for converged infrastructure systems as well. As the pace of change continues to build, it’s time to dispel any residual myths and misunderstandings once and for all.

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Myth 1: Flash costs too much

In 2016, the absolute cost of flash storage for primary data will fall to the same level as disk for the very first time.

When you compare the cost specifications of high performance HDDs typically used to house production data (e.g. 10,000-15,000RPM), there is now no cost advantage over flash. Indeed the acquisition cost per gigabyte of enterprise flash storage is now extremely competitive with hard disk drives.

In addition, businesses can achieve a significantly lower total cost of ownership (TCO) with flash, once data reduction (i.e. compression and de-duplication), reduced maintenance, simplified administration, power and cooling are taken into account.

Take EMC’s XtremIO all-flash scale-out storage. Enterprise Strategy Group (ESG) recently compared the TCO of traditional hybrid storage arrays (dedicated flash and disk-based systems) with a mixed workload storage consolidation on XtremIO for a mid-sized software development company.

The study found that consolidating traditional storage deployments dedicated for production, development, test and VDI operations with XtremIO resulted in a 3.8x reduction in TCO over a period of five years, with average annual storage TCO savings of $561,000.


Myth 2: Flash wears out quickly

The wear and tear on flash media is often due to the development of hotspots, physical locations on the drive where data is repeatedly written. While it’s true that flash is a wearable media, modern system and drive capabilities manage the effects of this, minimizing the impact to the end user.

Today, flash drives are constantly monitored and proactive steps taken to avoid write hotspots from developing.

With these workload management improvements, reduced mechanical failure rates, and improved durability flash drives actually have superior physical life spans over the mechanical hard disk drives they are displacing.


Myth 3: Flash performance isn’t relevant to my business

With the rise of the real-time business, in which test and development and online analytics play a prominent role, overnight and batch processing is no longer sufficient. Modern, competitive organisations need to work quickly with near real-time data, making flash the only realistic choice to achieve the required levels of performance.

Many information intensive organisations are already making extensive use of flash to extract the maximum performance from their IT investments. Flash enables the kind of data agility that is central to the operations of these businesses.

And flash also has a positive impact on the bottom line. ESG’s analysis found that XtremIO would do this in a number of ways. For instance, it provides the ability to run data analytics on the same platform as the production database, shortens development time of new products, and improves overall business continuity and availability.  ESG estimated that these operational agility benefits could results in annual savings of $645K.

For example, many XtremIO customers leveraging the all-flash platform for integrated copy data management to reduce storage capacity requirements and accelerate productivity and workflows for in-house software test and development, analytics and data protection. XtremIO enables organizations to create instant, space-efficient copies of production databases and application data with no performance hit and or impact to storage capacity.

With this in mind, it should be noted that for most businesses, the best option will be a two-tiered architecture in which flash is used for production data, while secondary data – data protection, archive, backup – continues to be HDD-based.

The use of hard disk drives will continue to make sense for secondary data, since products for this kind of usage continue to have a considerable cost advantage over flash.  But if a data centre is being used solely for production workloads requiring frequent access to active data, then all-flash is the way to go.


Reaping the rewards

EMC customer sports equipment maker Callaway Golf has restructured its primary data storage to run on flash.

Callaway Golf underwent an IT transformation to accelerate the delivery of golf equipment from the factory floor to the customer, to meet increasing demand for customised golf club orders.

As it focused on product innovation and cost control, the company adopted XtremIO to drive faster application development and testing as well as the deployment of new SAP applications and business processes.

Ultimately Callaway achieved a 50 percent reduction in storage costs and 60 percent boost in storage efficiency, while meeting its goal of delivering personalized golf clubs to customers in just 24 hours.

This customer example demonstrates that the benefits of flash aren’t just relevant to businesses born in the digital world, but more traditional companies as well. In all these scenarios, IT agility, enabled by flash, becomes a competitive advantage.


Flash forward – Why not flash?

So the path is clear for flash to take over from disk. There are no longer any financial or practical reasons for businesses to shy away from the technology, and the performance benefits it offers are now more relevant than ever.

Until recently, many businesses had been asking ‘why flash?’ Facing the future, in 2016 and beyond, the more relevant and urgent question has become ‘Why NOT flash?’ The momentum is building.


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