Cybercriminals have been using deepfakes and personally identifiable identification (PII) found on the dark web to apply for remote working IT jobs to gain access to systems, passwords and sensitive information, the FBI has warned.
An alert from the FBI issued yesterday details a rise in complaints filed with the bureau reporting the use of deepfakes and stolen PII to apply for a variety of remote positions.
Deepfakes are false computer-generated audio or visual representations of a real person, which are increasingly being used in scams.
The roles most often targeted in this new scam are IT and computer programming positions. This is because if the fraud is successful they enable criminals to “access to customer PII, financial data, corporate IT databases and/or proprietary information,” the alert said.
How to spot deepfakes
Criminals are using stolen images and credentials found on the dark web to build their deepfakes. They can then use the fraudulent video or audio to impersonate a real candidate in a virtual interview. The FBI says there are some tell-tale signs in the bogus interviews that indicate the interviewee may not be real.
“The actions and lip movement seen when interviewed on camera do not completely coordinate with the audio of the person speaking,” the advisory notes. “At times, actions such as coughing, sneezing or other auditory actions are not aligned with what is presented visually,” it continues.
Pre-employment background checks have also flagged the fact that the information being used to apply for the job actually belongs to another individual. It is vital, therefore, to report stolen PII as soon as it happens as it is easy to replicate an identity with leaked information. According to the UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), “your name, address and date of birth provide enough information to create another ‘you’”.
Deepfake scams are on the rise
The use of deepfakes in cyber scams is on the rise. Last month a scam was spread on YouTube that used Tesla CEO Elon Musk’s face to swindle people out of cryptocurrencies Bitcoin and Ethereum. The online criminals were hijacking accounts and channels, altering the layout to imitate official Tesla channels and posting deepfake videos of Musk inviting viewers to participate in bogus cryptocurrency giveaways. According to the BBC the scammers made $243,000 in just over a week. YouTube has been criticised for not removing fakes quickly enough.
Some apps only require one picture to create a passable deepfake of a person. They are similar to novelty apps like Reface or Wombo and require a minimum of input data to map one face onto another. The use of this sort of app is being monitored, but the technology is in its infancy.
Speaking to Tech Monitor last year, deepfake expert Henry Adjer said: “Deepfake detection has a role, but it’s an incredibly challenging technology to get right. I think we do need to have a little bit more nuance when thinking about other approaches that we could be engaging in to tackle the problem.”