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September 18, 2023updated 20 Jan 2024 3:31am

What is C++? The powerful programming language explained

This programming language is widely used on projects using Linux.

By Tech Monitor Staff

C++ is a versatile and influential programming language that has left an indelible mark on the world of software development. Its core features have cemented its relevance in contemporary programming, making it a popular choice among developers.

Developer programming in C++
Developer programming in C++ (Image: Shutterstock / Roman Samborskyi)

Defining C++

C++, pronounced “C-plus-plus,” is an extension of the C programming language, renowned for its efficiency and power. Beginning development in the late 1970s by Bjarne Stroustrup and released in 1985, C++ has evolved into a versatile language that combines the low-level memory manipulation capabilities of C with high-level abstractions, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

The Power of C++

Efficiency and Performance

One of C++’s key strengths lies in its ability to produce highly efficient and flexible code. With direct memory manipulation and fine-grained control over resources, C++ allows developers to create programs that run swiftly and consume minimal system resources. This makes it ideal for applications where speed and resource management are critical, such as real-time systems and game development.

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP)

C++ added object-oriented programming to the C programming language, enabling the organization of code into reusable, modular units called classes. OOP promotes code reusability, extensibility, and maintenance, making C++ a favored language for large software projects.

Relevance of C++ in Modern Programming

System and Application Development

C++ remains highly relevant in system-level programming, where direct interaction with hardware and memory management is crucial. It is commonly used in operating systems, device drivers, and embedded systems.

Game Development and Graphics

The gaming industry relies heavily on C++ due to its performance and control over system resources. Popular game engines like Unreal Engine and Unity use C++ extensively for game development.

The author generated this text in part with GPT-3.5, OpenAI’s large-scale language-generation model. Upon generating draft language, the author reviewed, edited, and revised the language to their own liking and takes ultimate responsibility for the content of this publication.

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