Artificial Intelligence (AI) is intelligence exhibited by machines.
Many picture robots when talking about AI, with the term colloquially applied to when machines mimic human cognitive functions like learning and problem solving.
Many different capabilities are attributed to being AI – from self-driving cars and intelligent routing, to speech recognition and automation.
The core elements of AI, specifically AI research, incllude reasoning, knowledge, leanring, natural language processing, perception and the ability to move objects.
John McCarthy is often regarded as the father of AI, having coined the term in 1955. However, this was years after English mathematician Alan Turing published ‘Computing Machinery and Intelligence’, which is often thought as the paper which opened the doors to AI research.